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Immigration: open or close borders?

Escrito el 6 enero 2008 por Antonio Zamora en Economía Global

In the last edition of The Economist a special report on migration (see report) stresses the global economic benefits of migration and even defends the desirability of rather free international labor movements. In some sense, the bottom line of the report is that free legal migration could be viewed in a similar way as free global trade. In both cases, a more efficient allocation of global resources is allowed for, so that a global gain seems to be guaranteed. The gain is clear for emigrants from poor to rich countries, whose incomes are expected to increase more than five times. The benefits are also quite convincing for sending countries: reduced unemployment, higher wages and, above all, large migrants’ remittances. The main doubts are to be found at host countries, where reluctance towards immigration is increasing. Is this reluctance sensible?


One key question is whether “free” low-skilled immigration is or not in the interest of rich economies, since it seems to be clear that high-skilled immigration is almost always desirable and illegal and crime-related immigration is of course undesirable. The case of countries like Spain show that higher degrees of low-skilled immigration usually come together with higher GDP growth rates and lower unemployment rates. Why then is the anti-immigration camp getting stronger almost everywhere in developed countries? Are their arguments rational? Shouldn’t a country like Spain open its borders to legal immigration rather than raising new obstacles to it?

Comentarios

Jose Luis Borrallo 7 enero 2008 - 08:58

The positive effects of migration flows are clear for today´s public. The main problem resides when the inmigration you get is not what your work market needs and the rythm of this inmigration is higher than what a certain economy can deal with.
Low qualified brawn is what you see emigrating from poor countries to rich and in quatities that rich countries will cope with as long as its economy grows (I am thinking about Spain) but what will it happen when the economy slows down or slump? THis poor qualified workmanship will be unemployed and social tensions will occur.
This is why in a globalised world like ours there could be some work pots where its country would place its inmigration offers (quotas) and poor countries could regulate there flows of emigration not being somehow drifted away without their trained workforce.

jose blanco 7 enero 2008 - 10:35

Yo estoy de acuerdo con José Luis. Está aumentando el paro. En proporción los parados inmigrantes son más que los parados de nacionalidad española. Los parados españoles tienen una red de protección familiar y social. Los parados inmigrantes están más desarraigados ¿Qué pasará en España si aumenta el paro inmigrante de baja cualificación? ¿Se volverán a su país de origen? ¿Serán un foco de incremento de delincuencia?

fabrizio 7 enero 2008 - 23:44

Clearly for advanced economies, the more qualified is the migration flow the better. It seems immigration policies are moving in this direction in the majority of these countries, with the difference that some of them apply them more effectively than others.

Spain, mainly for its geographic position is more subject to a poorly skilled illegal immigration. Agriculture and Construction have so far absorbed this workers but it seems it will no longer be the case. Reduce or at least regulate this flow should be high on the agenda of our politicians, how to do it is certainly a more difficult issue.

Muhammad Ishtiaq 15 enero 2008 - 11:47

Dear Sir,
Please tell me Spain immigration is open?
and how much quotas of Pakistanies? if immigration is opened i online apply docouments?

Thanks

ROSHAN 15 febrero 2008 - 18:37

DEARS,

THE QUESTION IS THAT IF A PERSON IS QUALIFIED AND EDUCATED WELL AND KNOW THE SPAINISH LANGUAGE, THEN HOW CAN HE GET THE LEGAL STATUS AND OFFER HIS SERVICES FOR THE COUNTRY DEVELPOMENT.
PLEASE LET ME KNOW IS THEIR ANY CHANCE OR OPPORTUNITY TO GET THE LEGAL STATUS FOR SUCH KIND OF PEOPLE.
THANKS

deep 18 abril 2008 - 13:09

dear sir,
please tell me, which country open immigration in 2008?

usman shehzad 4 mayo 2008 - 22:05

i want to know when u open the spain immigration plz contect me

nadeem akhter 11 julio 2008 - 18:34

hello dear and to every onewith love
i think there r lot of skilled people in spain illegal they know language but they cant move leagelly in the devolpment of spain caz they dont have papers
so spain govt should give them chance to work for spain in leagell way and put their energies in positive way. so i propose spain must open immigation minimum to legalise people which r illegal in terriotery the spain
thnx

sushil saini 3 septiembre 2008 - 12:01

respected sir
plz tell me when spain is going to open immigration i m very serious plz sir teel me . ishall be very thnakful to you.

rafaqat ahmed 6 noviembre 2008 - 14:16

sir i m form pakistan and now in sweden for studying now sir i decide to live and work in spain i need work permit in spain and live there permently can it possible for me if possible for me plz tell me about this i m veary anxious about it ur sincerly
rafaqat ahmed

rafaqat ahmed 6 noviembre 2008 - 14:18

Dear Sir,
Please tell me Spain immigration is open?
and how much quotas of Pakistanies? if immigration is opened i online apply docouments?

m riaz 13 diciembre 2008 - 20:29

sir can u tell me when spain immigration open?
thx

hal 27 marzo 2009 - 09:31

???

happy 29 agosto 2009 - 11:07

i m living in spain but i hav no paper for living here.you know here are numbers of houses are empty .if spain will open immigration then people can come here and empty houses can give money to spain government

gagan 10 octubre 2009 - 17:13

hello sir plz tell me when will open spain imigratione????? becoz im doing work without papers my salary is 1175 euro.. my boss not paying my tax. i want to pay my tax.. too much peopls r working without paprs dats bad for gorvment…. so plz tell me when will open imigratione becoz i need my papers

amit sethi 9 febrero 2010 - 17:51

hello
just one quetion when open the immigration in spain i am serius because every day theft, murder, another people.in here.

thanks

Rebecca 31 octubre 2012 - 01:56

Hello, I read your blogs regularly. Your humoristic style is awesome, keep up
the good work!
Rebecca

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